Descendants of John Maxfield
of Salisbury, Massachusetts
Fourth Generation


ROBERT CARR4 MAXFIELD (Michael3, John2-1) was born at Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, on 20 October 1761[1] a son of Michael Maxfield and his wife Susannah Carr. He died at North Yarmouth, Cumberland County, Maine, on 14 August 1854.[2] He married at Cumberland, Cumberland County, on 9 January 1786 TABITHA CLOUGH.[3] She was born about 1763/4 and died probably between 1830 and 1840.

Robert Carr Maxfield was baptized at Second (Congregational) Church, Salisbury, on 10 July 1763.[4] He grew up in Salisbury, the fourth of seven children to survive infancy.

Robert was thirteen years old when the Revolutionary War began, and his older brother, John, went off to fight. About a year later his mother died. Within a year and a half of her death, Robert enlisted in the Revolution. Perhaps he did not tell them he was only fifteen. For the next three and a half years, Robert was a soldier, repeatedly re-enlisting. His record of military service, found both in Massachusetts and New Hampshire records, and under various spellings of his name, follows.[5]

Robert Carr Maxfield appears to have served in Rhode Island and New York State. Like his older brother, he was stationed at West Point, but not at the same time. When Robert's enlistment was completed, he went to West Point to take the place of his younger brother, who had also enlisted, but the younger brother refused to leave.

Following the War, the Maxfield brothers moved to Chichester, Rockingham County, New Hampshire. However Robert soon moved on to North Yarmouth. In 1784 he had his taxes refunded to him at Chichester.[6] He married at Maine, in 1786. On 3 December 1787 Robert Carr Maxfield of Chichester, yeoman, purchased from David Smith of Chichester, yeoman, for £ 20, 15 acres in Chichester. [7] He soon moved, and is probably the "Robert Maxwell" reported at North Yarmouth in the 1790 census.[8] On 14 November 1794, Robert Maxfield of North Yarmouth, yeoman, sold this 15 acre parcel to his borther John, of Chichester, husbandman, for £ 16 10s.[9]

The Robert Maxfield family was reported in North Yarmouth in all the censuses from 1790 to 1830, although he was called "Robert Maxwell" in 1790 and 1820. In this period the census only reported the name of the head of household, and the numbers of persons in the household of various age and sex categories. Here follow those census reports,[10] with a possible identification of who the persons might have been.

1790
male 16+ Robert, 28
male 16- Reuben, 0
female Tabitha, 26

1800
male 26-44 Robert, 38
female 26-44 Tabitha, 36
male 10-15 Reuben, 10
female 0-9 Susanna, 8
male 0-9 Amos, 4
male 0-9 Elliot, 1

1810
male 45+ Robert, 48
female 45+ Tabitha, 46
female 45+ unidentified
male 16-25 Reuben, 20
female 16-25 Susanna, 18
male 16-25 Amos, 14
male 10-15 Elliot, 11
female 10-15 Bethia, 9
female 0-9 Elizabeth, 7

1820
male 45+ Robert, 58
female 45+ Tabitha, 56
male 16-26 Elliot, 21
female 16-26 Elizabeth, 17
male 10-16 Samuel Farwell, 15
female 0-9 grandchild Susan, 3 (child of Amos)

1830
male 60-69 Robert, 68
female 60-69 Tabitha, 66
female 20-29 Elizabeth, 27

The above designations assume that the census taker in 1810 did not get everyone's age correct. The last two identities in 1820 are provided from the pension records. Robert Maxfield was residing with his son Reuben in North Yarmouth in the 1840 and 1850 censuses. I find no indication of Tabitha in those censuses, leading me to suspect that she may have died between 1830 and 1840.

Robert Maxfield pleaded poverty when he applied for a pension in 1820:[11]

Schedule of real and personal estate:
Real estate-- Ninety-four acres of land in North Yarmouth, twenty-five acres of which is swamp and fifteen acres of it a ledge of rocks--and the residue hard land--a small old house of two rooms only, and a barn.
Personal estate-- two cows; two steers and one yearling; nine sheep; three pigs, and two old horses to haul coal to market, a few broken articles of house furniture; a few farming tools.
Schedule of the family residing with me Robert Maxfield who, by occupation am a farmer, which I am not able to pursue by reason of infirmity--am sometimes able to ride on a coal cart to market.
Names Ages Capacity of each to contribute to their support
wife Tabitha 56 a feeble woman
Elliot 23 able to support himself
Betsey 17 able to support herself
Samuel Farwell 15 a boy able to work some
Susan, a grandchild 3

Robert Maxfield found it necessary to reapply for a penion in 1823. On that occasion he wrote:[12]

Robert Maxfield, 63, Cumberland, Eliot's co., Bigelow regt., Mass.
Real estate none.
Personal estate, nothing except a few old but necessary articles and utencils of household stuff.
At the time [of the first schedule] I was in possession of a small tract of land and 2 old horses for teaming. I did on 21 July last sell said land to Reuben Maxfield for $147. One old horse I sold long since for family supplies, the other died.
Farmer, not able [due to] the shaking palsey and other bodily infermities.
Tabitha, wife, 55, feeble from a broken arm.
Betsey, daughter, 21, able to do housework,
Susan Lufkin, granddaughter, 6, not able to contribute to support.
Robert Maxfield's pension was restored on 2 August 1823 to the amount of $10 annually.

The 1840 census reported Revolutionary Pensioner Robert Maxfield living with his son, Reuben, at North Yarmouth. In 1850, at age 88, he was still living with son Reuben. Robert Carr Maxfield's death, on 14 August 1854, was acknowledged in the New York Post:[13]

North Yarmouth, Aug 14, Robert Carr Maxfield, 94 years, oldest person in town, born Salisbury, Mass.
When a person reaches that age, no one minds a slight exageration of years. He was 92 years old. He is buried at the Congregational Cemetery in Cumberland Center.

Robert Carr Maxfield and his wife Tabitha Clough had the following children:

  1. REUBEN5 MAXFIELD b. at North Yarmouth on 25 August 1789;[14] d. on 1 July 1867;[15] m. LUCY A. ________, b. at Massachusetts abt. 1790,[16] d. on 19 October 1862.[17] This childless couple was reported in the census in North Yarmouth in 1820, 1840, 1850 and 1860.[18] Reuben was reportedly engaged in manufacturing in 1820, but farming in every other census. His father lived with them in 1840 and 1850. In 1870 the household included Reubin K. Sawyer, 9, and Lucy A. Sawyer, 5, perhaps children of brother Elliot's wife by her first marriage.
  2. SUSANNA5 MAXFIELD b. at North Yarmouth on 15 March 1792;[19] m. at Cumberland on 1 December 1814 KEHIMIAH LUFKIN.[20]
  3. AMOS5 MAXFIELD b. at North Yarmouth on 22 October 1795.
  4. ELLIOT5 MAXFIELD b. at North Yarmouth on 1 November 1798.
  5. BETHIA5 MAXFIELD b. at North Yarmouth on 28 September 1800;[21] m. at Cumberland on 15 October 1818 NEHEMIAH LUFKIN.[22]
  6. ELIZABETH5 MAXFIELD b. at North Yarmouth on 8 May 1803;[23] d. on 8 September 1875.[24] Census records report Elizabeth living at North Yarmouth in 1850, in nearby Cumberland in 1860 and 1870,[25] always living with other couples. In the last two censuses she was described as a nurse. She is buried at the Congregational Cemetery, Cumberland Center.[26]


NOTES

1Vital Records of Salisbury, Massachusetts, to the End of the Year 1849 (Topsfield, MA: Topsfield Historical Society, 1915), 152.
2Carleton E. Fisher and Sara G. Fisher, editors, Soldiers, Sailors and Patriots in the Revolutionary War - Maine (Louisville: National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, 1982), 510.
3"Maine Marriages, 1771-1907," database, Family Search (familysearch.org : accessed 2012), .
4David W. Hoyt, The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Massachusetts (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982), 448.
5Commonwealth of Massachusetts Office of the Secretary, ed., Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolutionary War (Boston: Wright L. Potter, 1902), 10:102, 267, 368; Nathaniel Bouton et al, eds., Documents and Records Relating to New Hampshire, 1623-1800, 40 (Concord, Manchester, Nashua and Bristol, NH: n.p., 1867), 14:256, 259, 260, 262.
6French, Harry Dana. Descendants of John Maxfield of Salisbury, Mass., New Hampshire Historical Society Library, Concord, NH, about 1952.
7Deeds, 140:92; digital images, Rockingham County Registry of Deeds (nhdeeds/rockingham : accessed 2012).
8First Census of the United States: 1790, population, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., [ME] MA, 2:272; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2014).
9Deeds, digital images, Rockingham County Registry of Deeds. 140:93.
101790 Census, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., [ME] MA, 2:272; Second Census of the United States: 1800, population, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., [ME] MA, 6:79; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2012); Third Census of the United States: 1810, population, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., [ME] MA, 11:221; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2012); Fourth Census of the United States: 1820, population, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., ME, 34:472; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2012); Fifth Census of the United States: 1830, population, Cumberland, Cumberland Co., ME, 46:141; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2012).
11Selected Records from Revolutionary War Pensions and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files, microfilm publication (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, ), Robert Carr Maxfield.
12Paul R. White Jr., "Maine Estate Schedules from Revolutionary War Pensions," New England Historic Genealogical Register, 142; 145 (1988, 1991): 145:166.
13Gertrude A. Barber, "Death Notices from the New York Evening Post , 1801-1890," online database, New England Historic Genealogical Society, American Ancestors (americanancestors.org : accessed 2012); R. Stanton Avery Collection, NEHGS, Boston, MA
14"Maine Births and Christenings, 1739-1900," , Family Search (familysearch.org : accessed 2012)
15"Cemetery Transcriptions from the New England Historic Genealogical Society Manuscript Collections," database, American Ancesters (americanancestors.org : accessed 2012), North Yarmouth Cemetery, North Yarmouth, Cumberland County, ME.
16state given in 1850, 1860 census records, year from "Walnut Hill Cemetery, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., ME," database, Find a Grave (findagrave.com : accessed 2012), .
17"Walnut Hill Cemetery" database, Find a Grave.
181820 Census, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., ME, 34:472; Sixth Census of the United States: 1840, population, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., ME, 138:339; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2012); Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, population, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., ME, 249:256B, 469; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2012); Eighth Census of the United States: 1860, population, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., ME, 437:12, 91; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2012).
19"Maine Births and Christenings, 1739-1900." Family Search.
20"Maine Marriages, 1771-1907," Family Search.
21"Maine Births and Christenings, 1739-1900." Family Search
22"Maine Marriages, 1771-1907." Family Search.
23"Maine Births and Christenings, 1739-1900." Family Search.
24Congregational Cemetery, Cumberland Center, Cumberland Co., ME, Find a Grave, digital images (findagrave.com : accessed 2012), .
251850 Census, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., ME, 249:257A, 476; 1860 Census, Cumberland, Cumberland Co., ME, 436:521, 86; Ninth Census of the United States: 1870, population, Cumberland, Cumberland Co., ME, 539:196B, 132; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2013).
26Congregational Cemetery, Cumberland Center, Find a Grave.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Barber, Gertrude A. "Death Notices from the New York Evening Post , 1801-1890." Online database. New England Historic Genealogical Society. American Ancestors. americanancestors.org : 2012.

Bouton, Nathaniel et al, editors. Documents and Records Relating to New Hampshire, 1623-1800. 40. Concord, Manchester, Nashua and Bristol, NH: n.p., 1867.

"Cemetery Transcriptions from the New England Historic Genealogical Society Manuscript Collections." Database. American Ancesters. americanancestors.org : 2012.

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Office of the Secretary, ed. Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolutionary War. Boston: Wright L. Potter, 1902.

Congregational Cemetery, Cumberland Center, Cumberland Co., ME. Find a Grave. Digital images. findagrave.com : 2012.

Fisher, Carleton E., and Sara G. Fisher, editors. Soldiers, Sailors and Patriots in the Revolutionary War - Maine. Louisville: National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, 1982.

French, Harry Dana. Descendants of John Maxfield of Salisbury, Mass. New Hampshire Historical Society Library, Concord, NH, about 1952.

Hoyt, David W. The Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury, Massachusetts. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982.

"Maine Births and Christenings, 1739-1900." Family Search. familysearch.org : 2012.

"Maine Marriages, 1771-1907." Database. Family Search. familysearch.org : 2012.

Rockingham County Registry of Deeds. "Land Records." Digital images. Rockingham County Registry of Deeds. nhdeeds/rockingham : 2012.

Selected Records from Revolutionary War Pensions and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files. Microfilm publication . Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. Onondaga County Library, Syracuse, NY

United States, Department of the Census. First Census of the United States: 1790, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2014.

________. Second Census of the United States: 1800, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2012.

________. Third Census of the United States: 1810, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2012.

________. Fourth Census of the United States: 1820, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2012.

________. Fifth Census of the United States: 1830, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2012.

________. Sixth Census of the United States: 1840, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2012.

________. Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2012.

________. Eighth Census of the United States: 1860, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2012.

________. Ninth Census of the United States: 1870, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2013.

Vital Records of Salisbury, Massachusetts, to the End of the Year 1849. Topsfield, MA: Topsfield Historical Society, 1915.

"Walnut Hill Cemetery, North Yarmouth, Cumberland Co., ME." Database. Find a Grave. findagrave.com : 2012.

White, Paul R. Jr. "Maine Estate Schedules from Revolutionary War Pensions." New England Historic Genealogical Register 142; 145 (1988, 1991): 142: 29-38, 197-209, 298-304, 386-391; 145:44-56, 159-173.

Wright, Elizabeth. "John Maxfield of Salisbury, Massachusetts, 1652, and Some of His Descendants." The Nebraska and Midwest Genealogical Record (19281930): 6:52-56; 7:20-24, 42-47, 61-71, 87-96; 8:15-22.


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