Cornelius Lezenby and Eliza Wilson, Immigrants
and some of their Ancestors
and Descendants


CORNELIUS1 LEZENBY (RichardC, DorothyB, WilliamA) was baptized at Saint Mary-the-Virgin Parish, Blackburn, Lancashire, England, on 28 November 1821, a son of Richard Lazenby and his wife Jane Seed.[1] He died at Trenton, Mercer County, New Jersey, on 11 November 1878.[2] He married at Stockport, Cheshire, England, on 22 August 1841 ELIZABETH WILSON.[3] She was born in Ireland about 1821 and died at Camden, Camden County, New Jersey, on 12 April 1879.[4] Her parents were DAVID WILSON and his wife ELEANOR ________.

Eliza, or Elizabeth, Wilson was born at Ireland according to the 1841, 1850 and 1870 censuses, at Manchester, England, according to the 1860 census. Ireland is the more likely location, as it is in the earliest record. Because she was "from" Manchester, this could have easily been mistaken for her birthplace in 1860. Cornelius, like his father, followed the blacksmith trade; Eliza’s father and brother labored for a stocking manufacturer.

Cornelius and Eliza married in 1841, but the census of that year was taken on 6 June, before their marriage, and reported them both in their separate locations. Cornelius Lazenby, blacksmith, was reported in the household of John and Ellen Jane Thomson of Manchester, Lancashire. The census rounded off Cornelius' age at 15.[5] Elizabeth was reported with her family of origin at Henry Street, Manchester:[6]

Name Age Sex occupation birthplace
David Wilson 45 M stocking mfg. Ireland
Eleanor Wilson 50 F Ireland
David Wilson 30 M stocking mfg. Ireland
Elizabeth Wilson 20 F Ireland
Alexander Wilson 12 M labourer Ireland
Eleanor Wilson 10 F Ireland
Samuel Wilson 1 M Lancashire

The census takers appear to have been rounding-off ages to the nearest 5 here as well.

The family of Cornelius and Elizabeth grew, and they soon emigrated to America. Son John reported in the 1900 census that he emigrated in 1846. If the family moved in that year it would have been after the baptism of a child on 4 October. Their migration would have definitely occurred before the birth of a child in America in December 1849. If they came very late in 1846 the migrating family consisted of a father and mother age 25, children ages 6, 4, and 2, and a baby in arms.

Their first home in America was Norristown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, where a child was born in December 1849, and where the census reported them in June 1850. The census reported a family consisting of Cornelius, 28, blacksmith, Eliza, 29, Samuel, 10, John, 8, Ellen, 6, Martha, 4, and Alexander, 1.[7]

Based on the birthplaces of their children, the Lezenbys were in Pennsylvania in 1851, and had moved to Camden, New Jersey by 1853. The family continued to grow, Cornelius continued his trade, and filed for citizenship in the United States at the Philadelphia Quarter Sessions Court on 13 March 1854.[8] The 1860 census reported the now completed family at Camden:[9]

Name Age Sex Occupation Birthplace Other
Cornelius Lezenby 38 M blacksmith, master Blackburn, England personal estate $500
Eliza Lezenby 38 F Manchester, England
Samuel Lezenby 20 M apprentice to blacksmith Manchester, England
John Lezenby 18 M apprentice to blacksmith Manchester, England
Ellen Lezenby 16 F Manchester, England
Martha Lezenby 14 F Manchester, England school
Alexander Lezenby 11 M PA school
Jane Lezenby 8 F PA school
Cornelius Lezenby 7 M Camden school
Margaret Lezenby 4 F Camden
Eliza Lezenby 2 F Camden
Lily Lezenby 3/12 F Camden

The United States was soon at war, and the Lezenby family’s two young men soon volunteered to fight. Samuel W. Lezenby joined the 1st volunteer infantry regiment of New Jersey, company E, and rose to sergeant.[10] Samuel served throughout the war, and his unit actively engaged in the battles of the Army of the Potomac. John Lezenby enlisted on 24 April 1861 as a private in the 4th volunteer infantry regiment of New Jersey, company C. Mustered out on 31 July 1861, he reenlisted on 13 August 1862 as a 1st Sergeant in the 12th Infantry regiment of New Jersey, company C. He was mustered out on 4 June 1865.[11] The 12th New Jersey engaged in the battles of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the battle of the Wilderness, the siege of Petersburg, and the surrender at Appomattox Court House, among others.

After the war, the sons settled down. Samuel and John both married in 1865, Ellen married in 1866. The 1870 census reported a shrinking household at Camden, consisting of Cornelius, 48, blacksmith, Eliza, 48, keeping house, illiterate, Jennie, 19, seamstress, young Cornelius, 17, Maggie, 14, at school, Eliza 13, at school. and Lillie, 10, at school.[12]

The decade of the 1870s was one of great loss for this family: Samuel died in 1872, Ellen in 1874, Cornelius in 1878 and Eliza in 1879. The children continued to die young: Martha in 1883, Jane in 1884, Lillie in 1889, and Cornelius in 1899. Of ten children in this family, all ten lived to adulthood, but five died between the ages of 29 and 36, one at 46 and one at 54. Only three lived beyond the age of 60.

Cornelius Lezenby and his wife Eliza Wilson had the following children:

  1. SAMUEL W.2 LEZENBY b. at Manchester abt. 1839-40.
  2. JOHN W.2 LEZENBY b. at Manchester on May 1842.
  3. ELEANOR W.2 LEZENBY bp. at Manchester on 29 September 1844.
  4. MARTHA2 LEZENBY bp. at Manchester on 4 October 1846; d. at Camden on 9 August 1883; m. at Camden on 14 January 1866 CHARLES HEWITT b. at England on May 1845; d. at Camden County on 25 May 1930; he m. (2) abt 1886-7 MARY ________ b. at New Jersey on August 1858; d. at Camden County on 5 June 1910.[13]
  5. ALEXANDER G.2 LEZENBY b. at Norristown on December 1849.
  6. JANE2 LEZENBY b. at Pennsylvania abt. 1851; d. at Camden on 15 December 1884; m. on 18 May 1875 WILLIAM W. WOOD.[14]
  7. CORNELIUS2 LEZENBY b. at Camden abt. 1853 d. at Camden on 10 November 1899;[15] m. at Pennsylvania on 12 Februry 1885 SELINA ________. She was mentioned in his will, dated 10 November 1899. [16]
  8. MARGARET2 LEZENBY b. at Camden on 20 March 1856; d. at Camden on 27 March 1932.
  9. ELIZA2 LEZENBY b. at Camden on 1858.
  10. LILY2 LEZENBY b. at Camden abt. February 1860; d. at Camden on 25 July 1889; m. BENJAMIN P. FENNIMORE b. at New Jersey on 6 July 1857; d. at Philadelphia on 7 July 1931.[16]


NOTES

1"England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," Family Search (familysearch.org : accessed 18 December 2011).
2Evergreen Cemetery, Camden, Camden County, New Jersey, database, Find a Grave (findagrave.com : accessed 2014). David Barnett, to Charles A. Maxfield, electronic mail, 19 October 2015, "mark up of Lezenby descendants."
3"England Marriages, 1538–1973," Family Search (familysearch.org : accessed 3 December 2014).
4Evergreen Cemetery, Camden.
5United Kingdom, Natrional Archives of, Public Records Office, Kew, Surrey, England:, "Census Returns of England and Wales 1841," Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 13 November 2016), Piece: 575, Book: 19, Civil Parish: Manchester, County: Lancashire, Enumeration District: 37, Folio: 51, Page: 24, Line: 21, and GSU roll: 438727. Class HO107.
61841 Census of England, Piece: 577, Book: 13, Civil Parish: Manchester, County: Lancashire, Enumeration District: 23, Folio: 24, Page: 43, Line: 25.
7United States, Department of the Census, Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, population, Norristown lower ward, Montgomery Co., PA, roll 800, p. 274B, household 623; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2014).
8P. William Filby ed., "Philadelphia Naturalization Records," database, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 4 December 2014).
9United States, Department of the Census, Eighth Census of the United States: 1860, population, Camden north ward, Camden County, New Jersey, roll 686, p. 556-7, dwelling 477, household 490, Cornelius Lezenby family; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 1 December 2014); NARA microfilm publication M653.
10National Park Service, "Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System," Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 2014).
11Ibid.
12United States Department of the Census, Ninth Census of the United States: 1870, population, Camden south ward, Camden County, New Jersey, roll 856, p. 447B, dwelling 341, household 416, Cornel Lezenby family; digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com : accessed 5 December 2014); NARA microfilm publication M593.
13"England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975." Evergreen Cemetery, Camden. Calvary Cemetery, Cherry Hill, Camden County, New Jersey, database, Find a Grave (findagrave.com : accessed 2014); Barnett to Maxfield, electronic mail, 19 October 2015.
14Evergreen Cemetery, Camden; Barnett to Maxfield, electronic mail, 19 October 2015.
15Evergreen Cemetery, Camden.
16New Jersey. Surrogate's Court (Camden County); Camden, New Jersey, Record of Wills, 1844-1900, will of Cornelius Lezenby; "New Jersey, Wills and Probate Records, 1656-1999," digital images, Ancestry (ancestry.com: accessed 9 September 2015); Book V: 470.
17Evergreen Cemetery, Camden.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Barnett, David. "mark up of Lezenby descendants." Electronic mail to Charles A. Maxfield. 19 October 2015.

Calvary Cemetery, Cherry Hill, Camden County, New Jersey. Database. Find a Grave. findagrave.com : 2014.

Camden County, New Jersey, Surrogate's Court; Record of Wills, 1844-1900. "New Jersey, Wills and Probate Records, 1656-1999." Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com: 2015.

"England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975." Family Search. familysearch.org : 2011.

"England Marriages, 1538–1973." Family Search. familysearch.org : 2014.

Evergreen Cemetery, Camden, Camden County, New Jersey. Database. Find a Grave. findagrave.com : 2014.

Filby, P. William ed. "Philadelphia Naturalization Records." Database. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2014.

"New Jersey, Marriages, 1678-1985." Index. Family Search. familysearch.org : 2011.

New Jersey. Surrogate's Court (Camden County); Camden. Record of Wills, 1844-1900. "New Jersey, Wills and Probate Records, 1656-1999." Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com: 2015.

United Kingdom, Natrional Archives of, Public Records Office, Kew, Surrey, England:. "Census Returns of England and Wales 1841." Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2016.

United States Department of the Census. Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2014.

________. Eighth Census of the United States: 1860, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2014.

________. Ninth Census of the United States: 1870, population. Digital images. Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2014.

United States, National Park Service. "Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System." Ancestry. ancestry.com : 2014.

Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia, PA. Find a Grave. Digital images. findagrave.com : 2014.


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